Pidato Soekarno : S Speech At The Opening Of Asian

Soekarnos Speech at the Opening of Asian-African Conference 18 April 1955

This twentieth century has been a period of terrific dynamism. Perhaps the last fifty years have seen more developments and more material progress than the previous five hundred years. Man has learned to control many of the scourges which once threatened him. He has learned to consume distance. He has learned to project his voice and his picture across oceans and continents. lie has probed deep into the secrets of nature and learned how to make the desert bloom and the plants of the earth increase their bounty. He has learned how to release the immense forces locked in the smallest particles of matter.

But has man’s political skill marched hand-in-hand with his technical and scientific skill? Man can chain lightning to his command-can be control the society in which be lives? The answer is No! The political skill of man has been far outstripped by technical skill, and what lie has made he cannot be sure of controlling.

The result of this is fear. And man gasps for safety and morality.

Perhaps now more than at any other moment in the history of the world, society, government and statesmanship need to be based upon the highest code of morality and ethics. And in political terms, what is the highest code of morality? It is the subordination of everything to the well-being of mankind. But today we are faced with a situation where the well-being of mankind is not always the primary consideration. Many who are in places of high power think, rather, of controlling the world.

Yes, we are living in a world of fear. The life of man today is corroded and made bitter by fear. Fear of the future, fear of the hydrogen bomb, fear of ideologies. Perhaps this fear is a greater danger than the danger itself, because it is fear which drives men to act foolishly, to act thoughtlessly, to act dangerously. .

All of us, I am certain, are united by more important things than those which superficially divide us. We are united, for instance, by a common detestation of colonialism in whatever form it appears. We are united by a common detestation of racialism. And we are united by a common determination to preserve and stabilize peace in the world. . . .

We are often told "Colonialism is dead." Let us not be deceived or even soothed by that. 1 say to you, colonialism is not yet dead. How can we say it is dead, so long as vast areas of Asia and Africa are unfree.

And, I beg of you do not think of colonialism only in the classic form which we of Indonesia, and our brothers in different parts of Asia and Africa, knew. Colonialism has also its modern dress, in the form of economic control, intellectual control, actual physical control by a small but alien community within a nation. It is a skilful and determined enemy, and it appears in many guises. It does not give up its loot easily. Wherever, whenever and however it appears, colonialism is an evil thing, and one which must be eradicated from the earth. . . .

Source : (Excerpt taken from Africa-Asia Speaks from Bandong, (Djakarta Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1955, 19-29)

Answer the questions below based on the speech you have understood.

Do you think politics has changed much since the time of President Sukarno?

Why did President Sukarno want everyone to be united?

What is the new kind of colonialism that President Sukarno is talking about? Does it still exist? If yes, please describe in what ways? Support your answers with examples.

From this article, can you figure out President Sukarno’s hopes and dreams for the world? Explain.

What are your hopes and dreams for the world and especially for your country? Describe.

Do you think President Sukarno was able to realize his dreams and hopes? If yes, how?

According to President Sukarno, peace is very important. What do you think? Discuss.

If you were given a chance to give a speech in front of all the presidents and prime ministers of the world, what would you talk about? Discuss in details.

Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi AsiaAfrika (disingkat KTT Asia Afrika atau KAA; kadang juga disebut Konferensi Bandung) adalah sebuah konferensi antara negara-negara Asia dan Afrika, yang kebanyakan baru saja memperoleh kemerdekaan. KAA diselenggarakan oleh Indonesia, Myanmar (dahulu Burma), Sri Lanka (dahulu Ceylon), India dan Pakistan dan dikoordinasi oleh Menteri Luar Negeri Indonesia Sunario. Pertemuan ini berlangsung antara 18 April24 April 1955, di Gedung Merdeka, Bandung, Indonesia dengan tujuan mempromosikan kerjasama ekonomi dan kebudayaan Asia-Afrika dan melawan kolonialisme atau neokolonialisme Amerika Serikat, Uni Soviet, atau negara imperialis lainnya.

Sebanyak 29 negara yang mewakili lebih dari setengah total penduduk dunia pada saat itu mengirimkan wakilnya. Konferensi ini merefleksikan apa yang mereka pandang sebagai ketidakinginan kekuatan-kekuatan Barat untuk mengkonsultasikan dengan mereka tentang keputusan-keputusan yang memengaruhi Asia pada masa Perang Dingin; kekhawatiran mereka mengenai ketegangan antara Republik Rakyat Tiongkok dan Amerika Serikat; keinginan mereka untuk membentangkan fondasi bagi hubungan yang damai antara Tiongkok dengan mereka dan pihak Barat; penentangan mereka terhadap kolonialisme, khususnya pengaruh Perancis di Afrika Utara dan kekuasaan kolonial perancis di Aljazair; dan keinginan Indonesia untuk mempromosikan hak mereka dalam pertentangan dengan Belanda mengenai Irian Barat.

Sepuluh poin hasil pertemuan ini kemudian tertuang dalam apa yang disebut Dasasila Bandung, yang berisi tentang "pernyataan mengenai dukungan bagi kerusuhan dan kerjasama dunia". Dasasila Bandung ini memasukkan prinsip-prinsip dalam Piagam PBB dan prinsip-prinsip Nehru.

Konferensi ini akhirnya membawa kepada terbentuknya Gerakan Non-Blok pada 1961.

Daftar isi

1 Kilas balik

2 Pertemuan kedua

3 Peserta

4 Lihat pula

5 Referensi

6 Bacaan lebih lanjut

7 Pranala luar

Kilas balik

Prangko peringatan 50 tahun Konferensi AsiaAfrika

Prangko peringatan 50 tahun Konferensi AsiaAfrika

23 Agustus 1953Perdana Menteri Ali Sastroamidjojo (Indonesia) di Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Sementara mengusulkan perlunya kerjasama antara negara-negara di Asia dan Afrika dalam perdamaian dunia.

25 April2 Mei 1954 – Berlangsung Persidangan Kolombo di Sri Lanka. Hadir dalam pertemuan tersebut para pemimpin dari India, Pakistan, Burma (sekarang Myanmar), dan Indonesia. Dalam konferensi ini Indonesia memberikan usulan perlunya adanya Konferensi Asia-Afrika.

2829 Desember 1954 – Untuk mematangkan gagasan masalah Persidangan Asia-Afrika, diadakan Persidangan Bogor. Dalam persidangan ini dirumuskan lebih rinci tentang tujuan persidangan, serta siapa saja yang akan diundang.

1824 April 1955 – Konferensi Asia-Afrika berlangsung di Gedung Merdeka, Bandung. Persidangan ini diresmikan oleh Presiden Soekarno dan diketuai oleh PM Ali Sastroamidjojo. Hasil dari persidangan ini berupa persetujuan yang dikenal dengan Dasasila Bandung.

Pertemuan kedua

Artikel utama untuk bagian ini adalah: Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi AsiaAfrika 2005

Untuk memperingati lima puluh tahun sejak pertemuan bersejarah tersebut, para Kepala Negara negara-negara Asia dan Afrika telah diundang untuk mengikuti sebuah pertemuan baru di Bandung dan Jakarta antara 1924 April 2005. Sebagian dari pertemuan itu dilaksanakan di Gedung Merdeka, lokasi pertemuan lama pada 50 tahun lalu. Sekjen PBB, Kofi Annan juga ikut hadir dalam pertemuan ini.

Peserta

Pelopor KAA

Ali Sastroamidjojo

Mohammad Ali Bogra

Jawaharlal Nehru

Sir John Kotelawala

U Nu

 Afganistan

 Arab Saudi

 Burma

 Ceylon

 Republik Rakyat Tiongkok

 Ethiopia

 India

 Indonesia

 Irak

 Iran

 Jepang

 Kamboja

 Laos

 Lebanon

 Liberia

 Libya

 Mesir

 Nepal

 Pakistan

 Filipina

 Siprus 1

 Sudan

 Suriah

 Thailand

 Turki

 Republik Demokratik Vietnam

 Negara Vietnam (Republik Vietnam)

 Kerajaan Mutawakkilyah Yaman

 Yordania

1 Siprus yang belum merdeka dan masih berada dalam kolonialisme diwakili oleh tokoh yang di kemudian hari menjadi presiden pertamanya, Makarios